Malakoff is located in Henderson County, Texas. It is named after a Russian fort. In earlier times the city was also known as “Mitcham Chapel” and “Caney Creek”. Coal mining which was developed in the early 1920s still constitutes a significant portion to the areas economy. The “Malakoff Heads” found in the 1930s resemble carvings of the Olmec culture. The City of Malakoff is served by the Malakoff Independent School District.