Tivoli is located in Refugio County, Texas. It is an unincorporated community. It was founded in 1907 by rancher Preston R. Austin. It takes its name from the town of Tivoli in the Lazio region of central Italy. The town soon emerged as a shipping point for area cotton farmers and ranchers in the fertile, coastal blackland. The Austwell-Tivoli Independent School District serves the students of Tivoli.